Fig 1: E-W profile square across Woolley's Palace Precinct
The resulting stratigraphy from each square would establish a ceramic sequence and radiocarbon dating sampling columns. In the effort of creating an independent phasing sequence, special attention was given to local ceramics, which in turn would be calibrated firmly into stratigraphic relationships. Imported ceramics such as Aegean, Mesopotamian, and Hittite wares have not been used to derive chronologies, but the nature of their presence will be carefully researched once the local sequences are established. Ultimately the newly established phasing will be coordinated with Woolley’s levels as published in 1955.
Area 1 Square 32.53, 32.63 and step trench 32.54 were placed to determine
the relationship of the Level IV/V “Serai Gate” walls to the
Level III/II so-called “Fortress” or the Hittite Palace on
top of the mound. Exposures revealed a series of substantial, mud brick
wall foundations giving us details of the layout and construction of the
walls. The evidence supports the plan published by Woolley, including
the “v” shaped foundation trenches, and indicates a casement
technique of construction. The wall foundations alternated with rectangular
‘boxes’ filled largely with mud brick rubble. After several
meters of carefully laid mud brick, it became evident that what appeared
to be casemate chambers were actually an artificial platform on top of
which may have contained a building, now lost.
Fig 2: Square 32.57/Level IV Courtyard Sounding Phase 2as
Fig 3: Bulla found in the burnt ash lenses in Room 7.
The latest phase represents the topsoil that is, the uppermost strata
is contemporary to Woolley’s Level IV Palace courtyard.
Area 4 Squares 64.82, 64.72. The targeted southern exposures addressed the issue of site size and whether the whole site was occupied throughout the Late Bronze Age. In 2000-2001 two intensive surface surveys had revealed denser concentrations of sherds and burnt mud bricks on a rise on the southern end of the mound. Two new squares were placed in this strategic spot facing the gorge from which the Orontes River enters into the Amuq valley.
Fig 4: The Southern Fortress, squares 64.72-64.82
Fig 5: examples of Local Wares from Southern Fortress.
Acknowledgements: The 2006 Tell Atchana/Alalakh staff included the following people:
K.Aslihan Yener(Director) Dominique Collon,Robert Koehl,Demir Altiner,Vedat Toprak,Omer Yilmaz,Nurettin Kaymakci,Murat Akar,Robert Mullins,Bike Yazicioglu,Stephen Batiuk,Ekin Demirci,Lee Ullman,Ozgecan Yarma, Simon Timberlake,Ferhat Can,Can Ercan, Meltem Cakmak,Burhan Can,Hulya Kardes,Cihat Topal, Yagmur Sarioglu, Nurettin Bataray, Pinar Ertepinar Kaymakci, Franca Cole, Brenda Craddock, Phill Andrews, Hatice Pamir ,Tulin Tümay ,Anthony Dean ,Lawrie Dean and Unal Demirer as the Ministry Representative.